My research in Madagascar was a collaborative effort (partnered with the Malagasy government and both national and international NGOs) to evaluate agricultural change in the eastern Madagascar province of Toamasina. To understand the cultural aspects of changing agricultural practices, I compared three sample populations that include a small town, a village and scattered communities, which all had differing relationships with conservation organizations. The hypothesis examined in my dissertation was whether the information conservation organizations are giving to the local populations on non-indigenous agricultural practices is displacing knowledge of indigenous agricultural practices. Below are my published writings on Madagascar:
- 2012 Hume, Douglas William. Malagasy Swidden Agriculture: The Influence of Conservation Organizations on Indigenous Knowledge. Kentucky Journal of Anthropology and Sociology 2(2):37-54.
- 2009 Hume, Douglas William. Vary Gasy: Meanings of Rice and Implications for Agricultural Development in Eastern Madagascar. Plantes et sociétés dans l’océan Indien occidental [Plants and People in the Western Indian Ocean]. Etudes Océan Indien 42/43:243-56.
- 2009 Hume, Douglas William. Belief Systems and Stakeholders in Madagascar’s Swidden Farming. Current Conservation 2(4):14.
- 2008 Hume, Douglas William. Madagascar. In Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. George Philander, ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
- 2008 Hume, Douglas William. Geographic Overviews, Africa (East): Madagascar and Surrounding Islands. In Encyclopedia of Archaeology. Deborah M. Pearsall, ed. Pp. 17-19. Elsevier.
- 2006 Hume, Douglas William. Swidden Agriculture and Conservation in Eastern Madagascar: Stakeholder Perspectives and Cultural Belief Systems. Conservation and Society 4(2):287-303
- 2006 Hume, Douglas William. Tanim-Bary Rituals Among the Betsimisaraka in Andasibe. Taloha 16-17.
- 2006 Hume, Douglas William. Rituels des Tanim-bary Chez Les Bestsimisaraka D’Andasibe. Translated by L. Modeste Rakotondrasoa. Taloha 16-17.
- 2005 Agriculture in Madagascar: Conservation and Cultural Meanings of Rice. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Connecticut.